Tourisme et patrimoines. Valorisation et développement de territoires insulaires dans l'océan indien : Mayotte

Abstract : Mayotte, the 101st French department, one of the outermost regions (ORs) of the European Union, is a strategic place in the Western Indian Ocean, with one of the largest enclosed lagoons in the World. The island of Mayotte suffers from underdevelopment of infrastructures facilities from poverty and mass immigration from the other Comoros islands, after having rejected independance from France in the 1974 and 1976 referendums. This choice for Mayotte People, which leads to departmentalization in 2011, means an integration to French Republic principles and politics. By targeting territorial development, and hancing the value of a tropical island ressources after the abandonment of the plantation economy makes tourism an opportunity for development. In addition to the lack of accomodation facilities, an image close to the "exotic" expectation is yet missing. Invention and enhancement of Heritage, if not limited to the lagoon, require prior inventories, nowadays dispersed, and then unified by a Heritage making policy. This policy is gradually conducted around a new institution, the Museum of Mayotte (MuMa), a local Museum of Mankind taking in account both natural and cultural environments. These various choices, with first of all the construction of a brand image of Mayotte, then tourism development to enhance this image and making Heritage a tangible resource, engages many debates that can reach conflicts of use and meaning. This is true of both natural and cultural resources. For Why? For What? What to do? The Mahoran identity is torn between the party of irreducible singularity, through religion in particular, colonial Heritage, and that of departmentalization in a "one and indivisible" Republic. The thesis explores this succession of steps towards economic, social and political development, with Heritage as a guide and Culture as core issues.
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Saffaride Ayouba. Tourisme et patrimoines. Valorisation et développement de territoires insulaires dans l'océan indien : Mayotte. Géographie. Normandie Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMR138⟩. ⟨tel-02089789⟩

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