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Theses

Flow and stability of a viscoelastic liquid curtain

Abstract : The flow and the stability of viscoelastic liquid curtains are investigated using solutions of flexible and semi-rigid polymer chains. These viscoelastic liquids are extruded from a slot at constant flow rate and fall in ambient air under gravity. We show that the curtain flow of polymer solutions is characterized by an initial balance between gravity and the elastic stresses arising from the stretching of polymer molecules, until inertia finally dominates and the classical free-fall behavior is recovered. We show that the flow is mostly influenced by the value of the extensional relaxation time of the solution measured by a filament thinning technique. New insights on the theoretical description of Newtonian curtains allow us to find the master curve of the viscoelastic curtain flow by analogy. Concerning the curtain stability, we show that the critical flow rate for curtain formation is not affected by the presence of polymers whereas the minimum flow rate below which the curtain rapidly breaks is reduced by polymer addition, thus revealing a greater resistance of the sheet to hole initiations. Furthermore, we observe the onset of a flow instability for the most shear-thinning solutions, where thick bands (where the liquid velocity is larger than average) are formed within the curtain. Visualizations of the flow inside the die reveal that this phenomenon is linked to a flow instability at the contraction plane upstream of the slot where the flow is unsteady and three-dimensional in nature
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Antoine Gaillard. Flow and stability of a viscoelastic liquid curtain. Physics [physics]. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCC011⟩. ⟨tel-02087871⟩

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