Les lieux de la mouvance du Libre : une approche comparatiste à partir de terrains aquitains et québécois

Abstract : Neo-liberal globalization brings a reinforcement of several intellectual property rights, under a variety of ways and rhythms. These developments, sometimes understood as a new enclosure movement, are challenged since the eighties. All these challenges, that we chose to call “the Libre”, is based on the idea that informational goods must belong to the commons. The “Libre”, crossed by lots of tension or even dividing lines, is marked in its very name by its historical beginnings : the Free Software movement. In other words, the “Libre” movement is part and parcel of the development of information and communication technologies. However, it can’t be restricted to the digital world, provided that such a category is operational. Indeed, if its objectives as its functioning show an advanced and reflexive use of digital apparatus, they also show a clear commitment in diverse spatial practices and representations that can reveal strong local anchorages. Therefore, problematics of this research lies at the knot that ties together the double paradox of a movement that is gaining social recognition and political legitimacy without any consensus about who are its actors, its objectives or its limits on one hand; of locally anchored individuals whose technical practices that would suggest more mobile and global spaces of representation on another hand. Thus, these problematics questions the technical moment of individuation of geographical spaces. Using a comparatist method on our Quebec and Aquitaine fieldwork, we will attempt to detect some characteristics of places of the contemporary world. This is why the geographical concept of place will be extensively discussed and enriched all along this thesis.
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Pierre-Amiel Giraud. Les lieux de la mouvance du Libre : une approche comparatiste à partir de terrains aquitains et québécois. Géographie. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019BOR30002⟩. ⟨tel-02087433⟩

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