La Gueule et la Peau : le loup-garou médiéval en France et en Europe

Abstract : Around the year 1000 AD, the word Werwolf ceased to be used as an antroponym to describe a man-wolf. Shortly afterwards, the French word garou appeared. The Middle Ages, then, constituted a turning point in the history of this monster. While werewolves had obviously existed prior to these early references, they have prompted me to enquire as to whether the generalisation of textual naming had participated in the development of a common definition of the monster which transcended the diversity of its representations. Did the recording in pen and ink of a name which had surely existed previously in the oral tradition contribute to the elaboration of the werewolf myth ? Relying on comparatism, literature and cultural studies, this thesis first seeks to explore the specificities of mediaeval werewolf literature, in which the figure of the werewolf seems to be exclusively gendered as male. Second, while recognising the incarnations of the blood-thirsty monster as problematic and unstable, this work adopts a diachronic perspective in order to reveal the commonality which underlies the multiplicity of werewolf figures.
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Quentin Vincenot. La Gueule et la Peau : le loup-garou médiéval en France et en Europe. Littératures. Université Rennes 2, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017REN20062⟩. ⟨tel-02087301⟩

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