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Le dioxyde de titane : un matériau nouveau pour la photonique à 1.55 µm et à 2 µm

Abstract : In the next decades, the limits of current optical communication systems will be reached unless new solutions are adopted. On of them is the use of a new spectral range around 2 µm enabled by the emergence of thulium-doped fiber amplifiers. In this thesis, we will focus on it in the context of very short distances transmissions on photonic chips. Various materials, mainly titanium dioxide (TiO2), will be explored.This thesis work has two main objectives. On the one hand, it aims to demonstrate that a material relatively unexplored, titanium dioxide, is promising for telecom applications by comparing it to more mature plateforms. On the other hand, it tends to introduce the spectral band around 2 µm as a solution to be considered for next-generation communications.More precisely, the first part of this thesis aims to develop a technique to efficiently couple light in TiO2 structures. For the first time, a configuration using a buried metallic grating was evaluated numerically and then characterized experimentally. The second part presents error-free high-speed (10 Gbit/s) telecom transmissions around 2 µm carried out in subwavelength or multimode waveguides in titanium dioxide, silicon or silicon-germanium. Finally, nonlinear functions are explored on the photonic chips. Thus, it has been demonstrated a wavelength conversion at 2 µm reaching -10dB on a silicon waveguide or the first supercontinuum generation spreading from visible to 2 µm wavelength in a TiO2 waveguide.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 29, 2019 - 7:19:14 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, March 30, 2019 - 1:28:38 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02084861, version 1


Manon Lamy. Le dioxyde de titane : un matériau nouveau pour la photonique à 1.55 µm et à 2 µm. Science des matériaux [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018UBFCK061⟩. ⟨tel-02084861⟩



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