Les représentations du loup garou de l’Antiquité à nos jours : une étude au long cours d’un mythe qui se recharge au fil du temps

Abstract : This PhD thesis aims to put emphasis on a long course analysis of werewolves depictions through centuries. This investigation has several aspects : finding the werewolf myth foundations, seeing how it could have spread via elite society, understanding creature’s value on a sociologic way… This thesis involves seeing how, from Antiquity to now, the myth has traveled through times and centuries, gaining or losing identity elements, but always recharging itself in order to stay evocative of the society surrounding it. In spite of the difficulty in trusting very ancient sources, as mythology for example, serious standpoint creation has grown on perceptions, depictions of werewolf as a mean to question human being and his value through different historical periods specific to it, and where its value changes from positive to negative and inversely. Those changes can be explained by the weight of wars, institutions, but also by the pressure, sometimes terrible, of canis lupus on European and French territories. This myth of werewolf, international and very popular today, offers many ways of questioning our habits, fears, hopes through different versions, more or less romantic, more or less realistic depending on the chosen media, as we can notice in the different masterpieces from Antiquity until today.
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Julie Trevily. Les représentations du loup garou de l’Antiquité à nos jours : une étude au long cours d’un mythe qui se recharge au fil du temps. Histoire. Université Rennes 2, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019REN20011⟩. ⟨tel-02084034⟩

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