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Etude de l'articulation des démarches d'investigation scientifique avec les autres savoirs composant la structure disciplinaire : cas d'enseignants de sciences de la vie et de la Terre exerçant en collège français

Abstract : Scientific inquiry are present both in institutional texts and in scientific literature. In this research, we study how French teachers articulate the processes of scientific inquiry (DIS) with other knowledge in the sciences of life and the Earth (SVT). Our work is based on three constructs: investigation procedures, disciplinary knowledge and teaching practices. The methodology is based on a mixed research of explanatory sequential type and descriptive nature. Three types of instrumentation are used to collect the data: a questionnaire, semi-directed interviews and observations of class sessions. Data from closed and open questionnaire questions are analyzed using a lexical approach using SPSS® and IRaMuTeQ® software.Data from interviews and observations are analyzed using a thematic approach using a grid constructed a priori. We identify through this research work a disappearance of conceptual knowledge during implementation of DIS in the classroom. Teachers do not necessarily want their students to acquire or mobilize conceptual knowledge. The skills or attitudes often associated with DIS are prioritized. Finally, some teachers may, for lack of epistemological knowledge related to the construction of knowledge in SVT, ignore that the objective of the DIS would be the reconstruction of conceptual knowledge and as such consider the DIS as a way of reasoning, such as skills or even multidisciplinary skills (English, French, etc.)
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  • HAL Id : tel-02083967, version 1

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Séverine Perron. Etude de l'articulation des démarches d'investigation scientifique avec les autres savoirs composant la structure disciplinaire : cas d'enseignants de sciences de la vie et de la Terre exerçant en collège français. Education. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest; Université de Sherbrooke (Québec, Canada), 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018BRES0063⟩. ⟨tel-02083967⟩

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