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Déterminisme de la spécificité d'hôte et rôle des effecteurs TAL dans l'interaction Xanthomonas - haricot

Abstract : Common bacterial blight is the main bacterial disease of commonbean. This disease is caused by Xanthomonas citri pv.fuscans (Xcf) and X. phaseoli pv. phaseoli (Xpp). Xcf and Xppare phylogenetically distant yet they share the ability to inducethe same symptoms on common bean, which is suggestive ofpathological convergence between these two pathovars. Thisthesis aimed at identifying candidate genes for host specifi -city and studying the role of Transcription Activator-Like (TAL)effectors in the Xanthomonas – common bean interaction.Using a comparative genomic approach, we identifi ed 116genes specifi c to common bacterial blight agents, a largenumber of which were horizontally transferred between Xcfand Xpp. These genes encoded proteins involved in the differentsteps of the interaction.Single-Molecule Real-Timesequencing of 17 Xcf and Xpp genomes unveiled one to threeTAL-encoding genes per strain for a total of four different talgenes, two of which (tal23A and tal18H) were also horizontallytransferred between Xcf and Xpp. All these genes forma repertoire specifi c to Xcf and Xpp that could be responsiblefor the pathological convergence observed between thesetwo pathovars. Combination of pathogenicity tests and transcriptomicsafter inoculation of a tal18H deletion mutant oncommon bean plants revealed that TAL18H was involved insymptom development and displayed a pleiotropic effect oncommon bean transcriptome during the interaction. The resultsof this thesis constitute a stepping stone towards optimizingthe monitoring of co
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Mylene Ruh. Déterminisme de la spécificité d'hôte et rôle des effecteurs TAL dans l'interaction Xanthomonas - haricot. Biologie végétale. Agrocampus Ouest, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017NSARC131⟩. ⟨tel-02082457⟩

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