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Nuclear forces at the extremes

Abstract : The emission of neutron pairs from the neutron-rich N = 12 isotones 18C and 20O has been studied by high-energy nucleon knockout from 19N and 21O secondary beams, populating unbound states of the two isotones up to 15 MeV above their two-neutron emission thresholds. The analysis of triple fragment-n-n correlations shows that the decay 19N(−1p) → 18C → 16C+n+n is clearly dominated by direct pair emission. The two-neutron correlation strength, the largest ever observed, suggests the predominance of a 14C core surrounded by four neutrons arranged in strongly correlated pairs. On the other hand, a significant competition of a sequential branch is found in the decay 21O(−1n) → 20O → 18O+n+n, attributed to its formation through the knockout of a deeply-bound neutron that breaks the 16O core and reduces the number of pairs.Moreover, unbound states in 26F and 28F have been studied. The two systems were probed using single-nucleon knockout reaction from secondary beams of 27F respectively in the case of 26F, and 29Ne and 29F for 28F. Five possible states have been identified in 26F, with in particular the lowest energy one (0.39 MeV) being identified as the 3+ state resulting from the d5/2 ⊗ d3/2 coupling. In the case of 28F, five unbound state have also been observed and in particular its ground state (200 keV) has been identified as a negative parity state, meaning that 28F is located inside the island of inversion.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 28, 2019 - 1:02:03 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02082089, version 1



Aldric Revel. Nuclear forces at the extremes. Nuclear Experiment [nucl-ex]. Normandie Université, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMC227⟩. ⟨tel-02082089⟩



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