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La Russie et son miroir d'Extrême-Occident : l'identité géopolitique de la Russie ultra-périphérique sous le prisme de l'Oblast' de Kaliningrad. Étude géographique et géopolitique.

Abstract : Created in 1945, Kaliningrad is an ethnically Russian autonomous entity of Russia but locked from its mainland since 1991 between Poland, Lithuania and the Baltic. A very strategic territory since its birth, it has become again a hot spot in the context of East-West new rivalry since 2014 & remains the symbol of the Victory over the Reich, though also claiming Prussian, Polish & Baltic legacy. Is it then an exception within Russia as might show its situation, youth & non-Russian old history, or isn’t it the archetype of an ultra-peripheral ethnically Russian Russia? The author considers the self-perception of the federal territory in Russian culture, & the territorial & maritime local perception of Kaliningrad inherited from its seamen; then the federal policy of uniformizing identity-building, & the regionalist identification; finally the perception by Moscow & NATO of Kaliningrad as a political-military front-line, & the very ambiguous interrelations between the Oblast’ & its neighbours, he shows that Kaliningrad's case is an extreme one but does belong to a peculiar type of Russian region to be compared to Russia's furthermost peripheries.
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Olivier Roqueplo. La Russie et son miroir d'Extrême-Occident : l'identité géopolitique de la Russie ultra-périphérique sous le prisme de l'Oblast' de Kaliningrad. Étude géographique et géopolitique.. Histoire. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCF041⟩. ⟨tel-02080112⟩

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