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Le Pacte de Médine (VIIe siècle) : Une relecture critique

Abstract : The Ṣaḥīfa of Medina, has drawn the attention of the Western scholars since the second half of the nineteenth century, to such an extent that P. L. Rose considers it as a “skeletal structure’’, which controls the veracity of Sīra-reports. It has been preserved thanks to two historiographers of the 3rd/9thcentury : Ibn Hishām and Abū ‘Ubayd ; the contemporary research situates it, on the whole, in the first five years of Hijra.It clearly illustrates, through its variants present in the text itself as well as in the chain of transmission, the vagaries, necessarily harmful, moving from an oral transmission, culture to a written one. The access to the writing was not so simple that we have always believed. The crucial turning point was when the Barmakid Ja‛far Ibn Yaḥya, (d. 187/803), introduced, by the end of the 8th/ beginning of the9th century, the usage of the paper in the government offices. This reform was due to the ower cost of this material and in parti- cular to the impossibility of scratching or washing paper, unlike papyrus and parchment.This Ṣaḥīfa wasfundamentally produced during the Prophet’s life time, however it was doubtless modified later, adding paragraphs,deleting others, and particularly organizing them in a way thatdoes not always comply with its initial ranking. This Text provides too original connota- tions of great Islamic words,like mu’min and kāfir.
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Yahia Bellahcene. Le Pacte de Médine (VIIe siècle) : Une relecture critique. Littératures. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCF028⟩. ⟨tel-02079610⟩

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