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Les rites pré-islamiques à Anjouan. Contribution à une étude culturelle des Comores

Abstract : The geographical position of the comoros, has enabled to host several migrations: Bantu, Austronesian, Proto-Malagasy, Arabo-Persian. These migrants had brought their respective beliefs and cultures. As a testimony of this civilization:: the social importance of the Mwalimu, the existence of possession seances , the survival of Djinn spirit cult, the ancestors cult and devotoion to nature. Trimba at Nyumakele and Nkoma at Ouani (agrarian festival and / or rites of protection), Mudandra (spirit dance) at the village of Ouzini and Mro-Maji organized inside a sacred cave are part of the pre-Islamic rites in Anjouan than the cults of the sacred eels "Mwana-mroni". These rites are noticed in the areas inhabited by the indigenous "Wamatsaha". Some of these practices are performed in sacred places called "Ziara". In conclusion, we have shown that the rise of the "Islamists" also called "Djawula" risks to destroy forever these ancestral practices.
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Abderemane Bourhane. Les rites pré-islamiques à Anjouan. Contribution à une étude culturelle des Comores. Histoire. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCF044⟩. ⟨tel-02079565⟩



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