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Conception de matériel salutaire pour lutter contre la contrefaçon et le vol de circuits intégrés

Abstract : Counterfeiting and theft affects all industrial activities in our society. Electronic products are the second category of products most concerned by these issues. Among the most affected electronic products, we find mobile phones, tablets, computers as well as more basic elements such as analog and digital circuits or integrated circuits. These are the heart of almost all electronic products and we can say that a mobile phone is counterfeited if it has at least one counterfeit integrated circuit inside. The market of counterfeit integrated circuit is estimated between 7 and 10% of the global semi-conductors market, which represents a loss of at least 24 billion euros for the lawful industry in 2015. These losses could reach 36 billion euros in 2016. Therefore, there is an absolute necessity to find practical and efficient methods to fight against counterfeiting and theft of integrated circuits. The SALWARE project, granted by the French "Agence Nationale de la Recherche" and by the "Fondation de Recherche pour l’Aéronautique et l’Espace", aims to fight against the problem of counterfeiting and theft of integrated circuitsFor that, we propose to design salutary hardwares (salwares). More specifically,we propose to cleverly combine different protection mechanisms to build a completeactivation system. Activate an integrated circuit after its manufacturing helpsto restore the control of integrated circuits to the true owner of the intellectualproperty.In this thesis, we propose the study of three different protection mechanismsfighting against counterfeiting and theft of integrated circuits. First, the insertionand the detection of watermark in the finite state machine of digital and synchronoussystems will be studied. This mechanism helps to detect counterfeit or theftparts. Then, a physical unclonable function based on transcient effect ring oscillatoris implemented and characterized on FPGA. This protection mechanism is used toidentify integrated circuit with a unique identifier created thanks to the extractionof entropy from manufacturing process variations. Finally, we discuss the hardwareimplementations of lightweight block ciphers, which establish a secure communicationduring the activation of an integrated circuit
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Cédric Marchand. Conception de matériel salutaire pour lutter contre la contrefaçon et le vol de circuits intégrés. Micro et nanotechnologies/Microélectronique. Université de Lyon, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LYSES058⟩. ⟨tel-02078791⟩

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