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Jeu et animation. Ethnographie des formalisations éducatives du loisir des enfants

Abstract : This ethnographic study focuses on games played by children, or led by supervisors, in leisure and holiday centres in France. The first part presents the seven main cases selected, then the conduct and conditions of the fielwork among children, young people and their supervisors. Following the assumptions of analytic induction to analyse the data collected mainly by direct observation, this study theorises a social process of educational formalization of children’s leisure at several levels. Focusing on social interactions, the second part analyses play situations and their forms when they are defined by the supervisors or initiated by the children. By comparing the modalities of engagement and the resources allocated, two processes – pedagogization and ludification – are theorized to explain the variety of playful forms. The third part extends the theorizations developed by extending the analysis to other negative and borderline cases. It approaches the formalization of organizational modes according to three dimensions: spatial, temporal, relational. Through their impact on child and animative practices, two other processes – collectivization and individualization – explain thevariations in the organizational mode in which the playful forms played take place. The fourth part continues the analysis of this (double) process of educational formalization of the forms of leisure activities by questioning the (semi) “educational leisure” of children and what is involved, more broadly, about “doing educationnal”.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 18, 2021 - 7:24:09 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 3:49:41 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-02078649, version 2


Baptiste Besse-Patin. Jeu et animation. Ethnographie des formalisations éducatives du loisir des enfants. Education. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019USPCD051⟩. ⟨tel-02078649v2⟩



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