Le radar WISDOM à bord du Rover de la mission ExoMars : Caractérisation et préparation du retour scientifique

Abstract : The main objective of European ExoMars (ESA-Roscosmos) mission is to search for signs of past or present life on Mars. The mission, to be launched in summer 2020, will deliver a rover on the surface of Mars. This rover accommodates instruments designed to investigate the close subsurface and, in particular, a drill that will collect samples at depth ranging from 0.5 m to 2 m. This thesis manuscript relates the preparation of the scientific return of the WISDOM (Water Ice and Subsurface Deposits Observation on Mars) radar experiment whose main objective is to characterize, before drilling, the shallow subsurface of Mars.Data obtained by WISDOM will shed the light on geological structures in the subsurface and therefore help trace back the history of the investigated Martian sites. Furthermore, they will help to identify the most promising locations to collect samples without jeopardizing the drill. The objective of this thesis was to efficiently pave the way to data interpretation and appraise WISDOM’s potentiality.In order to reach the ambitious scientific and technologic objectives (especially in terms of resolution and sensitivity) of WISDOM, we have developed tools that rely on a deep understanding of the instrument. The ultimate goal of these tools is to provide a reliable representation of the shallow subsurface and quantitative interpretation in terms of thickness and orientation of underground layers, roughness at interfaces, distribution of buried rocks and geoelectrical constant for each geological unit detected.This thesis manuscript describes the signal processing chain and tools developed in order to prepare WISDOM’s scientific return. When possible, approaches based on automatic detection were preferred. This work relies both on theoretical and practical investigations, including an accurate (analytical and numerical) modeling of the instrument operations and test on experimental data acquired during field campaigns on potential Martian analogs.
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Yann Herve. Le radar WISDOM à bord du Rover de la mission ExoMars : Caractérisation et préparation du retour scientifique. Planétologie et astrophysique de la terre [astro-ph.EP]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLV071⟩. ⟨tel-02078240⟩

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