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Pour une conception de produits pour tous et par tous, co-créer la situation de vie

Justine Lobbe 1
1 Édition, Langages, Littératures, Informatique, Arts, Didactiques, Discours
ELLIADD - Edition, Littératures, Langages, Informatique, Arts, Didactique, Discours - UFC (EA 4661)
Abstract : Product design is evolving. It is now necessary for companies to offer a real experience to the user regarding its needs, characteristics and desires. For this purpose, design teams gather the ergonomist, the product designer and the user. Thus, the many issues of what we called “design for all” are multiplied. Whereas the user is often involved all along the analysis of the needs and during the evaluation of the solution in the current user-centred design models, he is rarely integrated to the creativity phases. Inspired by the philosophy of “Make” and by the practices of the “Fablabs”, our researches are driven by the hypothesis that users should already be considered as full participants in the product design process. From this point, we want to set up a product design for all and by all, following our main research question: "How to promote, in user-centred design, the integration of the specific user as an everyday expert alongside classical design experts through the phases of co-creativity and framed by life situation? ". To achieve this goal, we answer three main objectives. First, we seek to identify existing co-creativity methods and tools around the notion of life situation. More precisely, we are interested in co-creativity practices in the context of both industrial projects and Fablabs ecosystem. We carry out these various studies through the implementation of participant observations, interviews and qualitative analysis of traces collected among more than 130 industrial projects. Following this, we propose a tool applied to life situation that allows us to integrate the user in the phases of co-creativity alongside design experts. This tool is built on top of experiments conducted in the universe of the "Make". Finally, we validate qualitatively and quantitatively our tool with an interdisciplinary design team that integrates the specific user into an industrial project of design for all.
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Justine Lobbe. Pour une conception de produits pour tous et par tous, co-créer la situation de vie. Autre. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018UBFCA040⟩. ⟨tel-02077677⟩

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