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Structure, Rheological Properties and Connectivity of Gels Formed by Carrageenan Extracted from Different Red Algae Species

Abstract : Carrageenan (Car) is a polysaccharide extracted from red algae and is widely used as thickener, stabilizer and gelling agent in various products. Properties of Car extracted from different algae species cultured at Cam Ranh Bay in Vietnam were characterized. Kappa car extracted from K. alvarezii and iota Car from E.denticulatum were selected to study the rheological properties and the microstructure of individual and mixed car solutions in presence of CaCl2 and KCl. Mixtures showed a two-step gelation process with gelation temperatures that coincided with those of corresponding individual kappa and iota Car solutions. However, the stiffness of the mixed gels was much higher than the sum of the corresponding individual gels. Confocal laser scanning microscopy and turbidity measurements showed that the kappa Car gel was always more heterogeneous than the iota Car gel, but less in the mixture than in the individual system. The results show that microphase separation of iota and kappa Car in mixed gels is highly unlikely.The mobility of Car chains in individual gels of kappa and iota Car and their mixtures was determined using fluorescence recovery after photobleaching. Slow recovery was observed for the gels showing that a fraction of the Car chains remained mobile. The fraction of mobile chains in the gels varied between 25% and 75% depending on the type of Car and the type and concentration of salt. The fraction of mobile chains in gels was not correlated to the gel stiffness. These results were confirmed by the release of Car from gel fragments into excess solvent. It was found that released Car chains were smaller than the average size of the initial Car sample.
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Tran Nu Thanh Viet Bui. Structure, Rheological Properties and Connectivity of Gels Formed by Carrageenan Extracted from Different Red Algae Species. Organic chemistry. Université du Maine, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019LEMA1007⟩. ⟨tel-02077051⟩

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