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The evaluation of competitive research funding : .an application to French programs

Abstract : The objective of this thesis is to analyze the efficiency of the implementation of new research policies, which change the rationale of funding allocation to academic researchers in France. The creation of the French funding agency 'Agence Nationale de la Recherche' (ANR) in 2005 gives a higher weight to grants allocated in a competitive way, in addition to the traditional block funds allocated to laboratories. This approach is based on the rationale of introducing some competition between researchers and to award only those who prepare the best proposals. Furthermore the program 'Investissement d'Avenir' (PIA), initiated by the French government in 2010, has been implemented to foster research excellence. Thus some competing universities obtain high level of funding in order to improve their international visibility. The first chapter of the thesis studies to what extent do funding agencies support novel research. We investigate the influence of the originality of conducted research over the decision of the researchers to apply and over the evaluation of the projects by the agency. In the second chapter, we assess and quantify the impact of receiving a competitive grant from the ANR on several indicators measuring the ex-post research performances of grantees. Our study is based on a database covering all the applications to the ANR between 2005 and 2009. The third chapter studies the implementation of a policy based on the allocation of a substantial competitive subvention to some selected universities and research laboratories. We investigate how this policy impacts the ex-post research performances of the researchers and faculty members with an application to the University of Bordeaux.
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Marianne Lanoë. The evaluation of competitive research funding : .an application to French programs. Economics and Finance. Université de Bordeaux, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018BORD0363⟩. ⟨tel-02076442⟩

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