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Effet du stress hybride sur la croissance de la tomate : une étude multi-échelle : de la cellule à la plante entière pour une meilleure compréhension des interactions entre les échelles

Abstract : As for other multicellular organs, growth and development of leaves and fruits arecharacterized by cell division and expansion. Cell division and expansion are two maingrowth processes. Fleshy fruit pericarp cells also include successive endocycles that providean important increase in cell ploidy. There is a clear link between cell growth andendoreduplication. However, this link is still unclear from a functional point of view. Cellularprocesses interact during organ development and are related to plant water and carbon flows.The objective of this thesis is to give insights into the multi-scale control of leaves and fruitsgrowth in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Mill.) and the plasticity of growth-related traits inresponse to soil water stresses.This study mainly focused on cherry tomato Solanum lycopersicum, cv. West Virginia 106(WVa 106). This genotype was cultivated in different conditions of watering regimes withautomated systems developed for this study. Soil water deficit response was studied atdifferent observation scales (tissue, organ, whole plant) and at different plant growth stagesthanks to protocols that were used until now on plants with determinate growth and simpleleaves that were modified for this study. Two transgenic genotypes modified on a cell cycleregulation gene were also cultivated to create variations on growth related traits for a betterunderstanding of their relationships. Multi-scale growth kinetics of source and sink organs(leaf and fruit) were also analyzed. Results have brought new elements about growth-relatedtraits coordination and have reinforced a few hypotheses already presented in scientificpapers. This work has supplied an original dataset on water stress effects on cellular processes(division, expansion, endoreduplication) related to leaf and fruit growth in tomato in thecontext of the plant as a whole. In perspectives, this dataset may allow to further develop anexisting model of fleshy fruit development which was first developed for fruits of plantsgrowing optimal condition. Genericity of this model will be tested on another organ, the leaf.This work also opens some tracks about how the model could be modified when growth islimited by water stress.
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Garance Koch. Effet du stress hybride sur la croissance de la tomate : une étude multi-échelle : de la cellule à la plante entière pour une meilleure compréhension des interactions entre les échelles. Sciences agricoles. Université d'Avignon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018AVIG0347⟩. ⟨tel-02074410⟩

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