La pratique de la monte à cheval au haut Moyen Age (fin Ve-VIIe siècle) dans le nord-est de la Gaule. : État des connaissances archéologiques, recherche méthodologique sur le “syndrome du cavalier” et application d'un nouveau prοtοcοle d'étude aux pοpulatiοns mérοvingiennes.

Abstract : The topic of the equestrian practice of Western archaeological populations often leads to the question of the use of stirrups or not ? This question on the absence or presence of the stirrup in the ancient times is closely related to L. T. White's thought about his introduction to the West. He qualifies the character of this equestrian object as "revolutionary". This element of the equestrian equipment does not favor a better control of the animal, as you can be an excellent rider without stirrups like North American Indians during the colonial period. The stirrup or the stirrups offer new points of support to the rider and undeniably modify his posture on the horse. The posture of the rider has been the subject of many attentions as shown by the ancient, modern and current equestrian treaties. A large group of occupational stress markers described, by anthropological studies, and known with the term "horse-riding syndrome" would make it possible to recognize bone lesions associated with this equestrian activity. The rider’s change of position on the horse, especially during the introduction of new equestrian equipment such as the stirrup, raises the question of the universality of this syndrome regardless of the chronological period studied : a Greek rider does not have the same equestrian equipment as a rider of the 18th century. Therefore, both do not position themselves in the same way on their equine partner. The new study of this syndrome has helped to emphasizing the importance of conducting interdisciplinary research (using horse archeology, biological anthropology and equestrian sport medicine data) in order to rigorously discuss the injury impact of this activity on the rider's body as well as the influence of the equipment used. The Merovingian period offers an ideal archaeological context for such a study because of the presence of both equestrian artifacts and stirrup from the end of the 6th century in the burials, helping in defining occupational stress markers of this equestrian activity, and identifying riders, within the Merovingian funerary groups.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [80 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02073069
Contributor : Abes Star <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, March 19, 2019 - 3:51:08 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 10, 2019 - 3:34:37 PM
Long-term archiving on : Thursday, June 20, 2019 - 2:49:18 PM

File

sygal_fusion_27261-baillif-chr...
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-02073069, version 1

Citation

Christele Baillif-Ducros. La pratique de la monte à cheval au haut Moyen Age (fin Ve-VIIe siècle) dans le nord-est de la Gaule. : État des connaissances archéologiques, recherche méthodologique sur le “syndrome du cavalier” et application d'un nouveau prοtοcοle d'étude aux pοpulatiοns mérοvingiennes.. Histoire. Normandie Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMC021⟩. ⟨tel-02073069⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

86

Files downloads

42