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Dynamiques réglementaires et planification des firmes : les leçons des limites européennes d’émissions de polluants dans l’automobile

Abstract : The aim of this thesis is to understand the organizational and institutional mechanisms that drive a manufacturing firm to act on, and react to regulations. The comeback of the industrial policy in developed countries heightens the interest of studies on the effect of such policy, and particularly of regulations on regulated firms. However, scholars in the field of “regulatory capture” cannot consider both the complexity of the rules production and the concrete mechanisms of rules interpretation and integration in the firms’ economic activities. To open these two “black boxes”, we construct first a methodological framework based on the theory of fields. This framework considers regulations as an institution, and permits the analysis of both regulatory dynamics and affected industrial dynamics. Second, we elucidate this double dynamics by empirically studying the car manufacturers’ trajectories in Europe in relation to the air pollutants emissions limits. In clarifying the technical-economic context surrounding this regulation, we then elucidate its genesis and dynamics, highlighting the role of institutions and actors in the rule-making and transformation processes. Then, we show how air pollutants emissions limits are incorporated into the planning process of the car manufacturers’ activities. To conclude, we show that the interactions and inadequacies between the regulations dynamics and the planning activities imply nondeductible ex ante behaviors, as these two dynamics produce permanent uncertainty.
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Samuel Klebaner. Dynamiques réglementaires et planification des firmes : les leçons des limites européennes d’émissions de polluants dans l’automobile. Economies et finances. Université de Bordeaux, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018BORD0348⟩. ⟨tel-02071688⟩

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