Du tronc commun au socle commun (1945-2005) : La question de la culture commune au coeur de la démocratisation de l'école.

Abstract : Our study analyzes the projects of common core (between 1993 and 2006) and core curriculum (between 1944 and 1977) from a double perspective: “democratization of selection” and “democratization of success”.On the opposite side from the institutional common core (2005-2006) which failed in getting out of the system of reference which is characteristic of the segregationist democratization of the French education system, the common core put forward by the Thélot committee is in keeping with a paradigm of “democratization of success”, the latter taking roots in a philosophical tradition which can be found in projects such as those defined by the Education minister René Billères (1956-1958) or the Langevin-Wallon committee. Beyond their different approaches, historical contexts or goals, the common point is the widening of a common culture for all, beyond an academic angle, which tend to promote a logic of selection.From the “democratization of success” point of view, the essential for everyone can only be gained within the framework of a “culture for all”.
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Quentin Portron. Du tronc commun au socle commun (1945-2005) : La question de la culture commune au coeur de la démocratisation de l'école.. Education. Normandie Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMC022⟩. ⟨tel-02071372⟩

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