Barthélemy Faujas de Saint-Fond, parcours d’un homme de science mondain au tournant des Lumières (1741-1819)

Abstract : Europe of the end of the XVIIIth century and of the beginning of the XIXth century is a space of movements and exchanges of knowledges. In this period, numerous scholars crossed the European space to discover new horizons and experience the journey. An almost compulsory rite of passage which the knight of Jaucourt, in the Encyclopedia, considered necessary. The scholars then began to elaborate new knowledges and little by little to specialize. But from his/her part the literary life was crossing Lights in the romanticism and some of these scholars again preferred to define themselves as men of letters rather than as scientists.In this space and in this time of transitions we shall arrest on a man who dreams about sciences, about journeys and about glory. It is about the geologist drômois Faujas de Saint-Fons, born in Montélimar in 1741 and died in 1819 to Saint-Fons, not far from Loriol. It Dauphiné,,formed in Lyon, then Lawyer in Grenoble and Judge of 1re authority to Montélimar,one of the foremost mineralogists of the capital becomes in the 1780s. Follower of Buffon - Who is then the undisputed master of the Natural History of period - and friend of the isérois Dolomieu, he climbs little by little the levels of the scientific world.
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Guillaume Comparato. Barthélemy Faujas de Saint-Fond, parcours d’un homme de science mondain au tournant des Lumières (1741-1819). Histoire. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAH021⟩. ⟨tel-02070558⟩

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