Entre "pouvoir" et "devoir" : dynamiques internes et construction sociale d'une famille de l'élite chilienne : le cas des Errazuriz Urmeneta, 1856-1930

Abstract : Between “power” and “duty”. Internal dynamics and the social structure of an elite Chilean family: the case of the Errázuriz Urmeneta family, 1856-1930. Between 1860 and 1930, Chile was politically, economically, socially and symbolically dominated by the hegemonic elite. One of the most important families in this group was the Errázuriz family, which arrived around 1735 from the Basque Country (Spain) and was not long in becoming part of the colonial elite. Our study focuses on the Errázuriz Urmeneta generation, which includes three brothers and one sister, who lived between 1856 and 1930 and each had their own nuclear families (children and grandchildren), made up of nearly 100 members in total. The purpose of this thesis is to study the internal dynamics of this family, based in particular on the concepts of “power” and “duty”. We will look at their education, way of daily life and examples of their social skills and religious and artistic spirituality in order to understand how they formed the image which explains their dominating role in society. We must also consider their integration into a Euro-American space which was experiencing a rise in cultural exchange between both poles, each one leading to talk on the otherness of the other. And so the dominance of the social group to which the Errázuriz family in Chile belonged was the inverse in Europe, where they faced the ostracism of the aristocracy, the class they aspired to join.
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Solène Bergot. Entre "pouvoir" et "devoir" : dynamiques internes et construction sociale d'une famille de l'élite chilienne : le cas des Errazuriz Urmeneta, 1856-1930. Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I; Universidad católica de Chile, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA010723⟩. ⟨tel-02070509⟩

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