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Structuration et représentation des espaces d'urbanisation dispersée de la métropole parisienne. Une approche par l'offre commerciale et les mobilités

Abstract : This thesis deals with the scattered urbanization areas of the Paris metropolis. Combining the commercial offer, diversity of practice and mobilities, this thesis analyzes these areas in a relational approach to understand the mechanisms underlying their dynamics. We will approach the subject throught the prism of recent works, using a new method that considers these areas for their own characteristics and not in relation to the dominant metropolis areas. The issue is to suggest a critical vision on the way they organize, beyond the traditional considerations and representations carried by politics and planners on the dependency and decline of these areas. Using a mixed methodology (quantitative approach, interview, and “mental maps”), we will try to understand the inhabitants’ representations in 4 research areas. Four different types of dispersion from the small town to the scattered housing are highlighted, by crossing population patterns and built area morphology. The research fields are located within a two-hour drive from Paris and reflect this diversity. The scattered urbanization areas were finely studied starting with their commercial structure. We thus noticed a contrasted evolution in the number of stores and a concentration of shops in towns over the last 15 years. In a second stage, the interpersonal approach focussed on the links between these areas and their environment, particularly with Paris. Through this analysis, it highlights the capacity of these areas to be structured, to participate in urban systems and to be part of mutual exchanges with large regional hubs.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02070045
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Damien Delaville. Structuration et représentation des espaces d'urbanisation dispersée de la métropole parisienne. Une approche par l'offre commerciale et les mobilités. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université Paris 1 - Panthéon Sorbonne, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-02070045⟩

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