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Modeling fibrous composite reinforcements and metamaterials : Theoretical development and engineering applications

Abstract : The systematic use of a so-called Cauchy theory sometimes leads to an oversimplification of reality. Indeed, certain characteristics of the microstructure are implicitly neglected in these approaches. However, even if all the materials are heterogeneous on a sufficiently small scale and therefore possess a microstructure, this does not necessarily induce a specific behavior on a macroscopic scale. In this case, the Cauchy theory would be perfectly adapted to their description. On the other hand, other materials possess microstructures on a large-enough scale (micron, millimeter, centimeter), whose effects have repercussions on macroscopic behavior. The Cauchy model is then insufficient to describe their specific global behavior related to what occurs at smaller scales, e.g. concentration of forces or deformations, or strong local gradients. One of the most promising fields of application of enriched continuous theories concerns the study of the mechanical behavior of woven composite reinforcements. This class of materials, made up by weaving yarns (made up themselves of many thinner fibers), possess very different rigidities in tension and in shear: the yarns are very stiff in tension but the angle between two yarns can vary very easily. This very marked contrast of material mechanical properties makes it necessary to describe its homogenized properties within the framework of a second gradient theory (or a constrained micromorphic one). Cauchy models are also not well-suited for the description of the dynamic response of certain microstructured materials showing dispersive behaviors or band-gaps. Enriched continuous theories (and in particular the relaxed micromorphic model) can be good candidates for modeling these materials in a more precise and realistic way, since they can include the macroscopic manifestation of their microstructure. These microstructured materials may have original properties, to improve and optimize the responses of the structures that use them. Indeed, these structures are designed using such microstructured materials - also known as metamaterials - to exhibit improved strengths, shaping facilities, minimized weights, and much more. They can also possess innovative properties in the field of vibration control or in the field of stealth technology.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02068235, version 1


Gabriele Barbagallo. Modeling fibrous composite reinforcements and metamaterials : Theoretical development and engineering applications. Materials. Université de Lyon, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSEI098⟩. ⟨tel-02068235⟩



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