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Observation satellitaire de la pollution à l’ozone par synergie multispectrale à trois bandes Ultraviolet+Visible+Infrarouge

Abstract : Air quality is a major environmental issue for our society. This PhD thesis focuses on space borne observation of the major gaseous pollutant. Tropospheric ozone. New generation satellite instruments allow measuring it daily at regional to global scales. However, single spectral domain measurements do not provide enough information for quantifying ozone concentrations at the atmospheric boundary layer, where the air we breathe is located. Synergism of measurements from multiple spectral domains offers a great potential for better characterizing ozone pollution. The first 2-band multispectral approach combining infrared (IR) measurements of IASI and the ultraviolet (UV) of GOME-2 was developed at LISA laboratory, where I conducted my thesis. The goal of my thesis is to go a step further in the quantification of ozone pollution by including the visible (VIS) Chappuis band, in order to develop an unprecedented 3-band multispectral synergism UV+VIS+IR. First, I developed a approach for extracting ozone information from GOME-2 VIS spectra, by selecting the wavelengths mostly affected by ozone absorption and rejecting those with absorptions from other gases, as well as determining the joint adjustment variables of the approach (vertical ozone profile, surface albedo, spectral shifts, etc) and the databases needed to simulate the spectra VIS (surface albedo, spectroscopy).Then, I implemented the multispectral method with three bands UV+VIS+IR, first on simulated low-orbit and geostationary observations from respectively IASI and GOME-2 and MAGEAQ to estimate the improvement in terms of sensitivity and precision, as compared to existing methods. Last, I applied the 3-band multispectral approach to real satellite observations of IASI and GOME-2. Comparisons with other data shows enhanced performances of the new UV+VIS+IR observations to characterize ozone pollution events, with respect to the 2-band approach
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02066124
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 13, 2019 - 10:57:08 AM
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Yohann Chailleux. Observation satellitaire de la pollution à l’ozone par synergie multispectrale à trois bandes Ultraviolet+Visible+Infrarouge. Océan, Atmosphère. Université Paris-Est, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PESC1033⟩. ⟨tel-02066124⟩

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