The atomic struture of inversion domains and grain boundaries in wurtzite semonconductors : an investigation by atomistic modelling and high resolution transmission electron microscopy

Abstract : In this work, we investigated two kinds of interfacial defects: inversion domain boundaries (IDBs) and grain boundaries (GB) in wurtzite semiconductors (III-nitrides, ZnO and ZnO/GaN heterostructure) using high-resolution TEM and first-principle calculations. For IDBs, theoretical calculation indicated that a head-to-head IDB with an interfacial stacking sequence of AaBbAa-AcCaA (H4) is the most stable structure in wurtzite compounds. Moreover, 2-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) and 2-dimensional hole gas (2DHG) build up in head-to-head and tail-to-tail IDBs, respectively. Considering the IDB at the ZnO/GaN heterointerface, TEM observations unveiled the H4 configuration with a -Zn-O-Ga-N interface. Moreover the theoretical investigation also confirmed stability of this interface along with the corresponding formation of a 2DHG. A detailed topological, TEM and theoretical investigation of [0001] tilt Grain Boundaries (GBs) in wurtzite symmetry has also been carried out. In GaN, it is shown that the GBs are only made of separated a edge dislocations with 4, 5/7 and 8 atoms rings. For ZnO, a new structural unit: the [101 ̅0] edge dislocation made of connected 6-8-4-atom rings is reported for the first time, in agreement with an early theoretical report on dislocations and jogs in the wurtzite symmetry.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02064267, version 1

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Siqian Li. The atomic struture of inversion domains and grain boundaries in wurtzite semonconductors : an investigation by atomistic modelling and high resolution transmission electron microscopy. Other [cond-mat.other]. Normandie Université, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMC252⟩. ⟨tel-02064267⟩

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