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Development and valorization of a membrane emulsification process for the production of nanoemulsions

Abstract : Nanoemulsions are interesting carriers for applications such as cosmetics, pharmaceutical and food. They are produced usually by low or high energy techniques. In this work, a process involving moderate pressure, premix membrane emulsification (PME) was proposed as an alternative. Oil-in-water (O/W) and water-in-oil (W/O) nanoemulsions were produced with a pilot scale set-up composed of a controlled high pressure syringe pump and Shirasu Porous Glass (SPG) membrane. First, the influence of process and composition parameters on droplet sizes and pressures was extensively studied with model compositions to optimize the production. Thus, nanoemulsions down to 260 nm for O/W and around 600 nm for W/O were successfully produced. Then, the set-up was used to produce nanoemulsions of specific compositions: O/W and W/O nanoemulsions stabilized with polypeptidic surfactants and O/W nanoemulsions suitable for injection. Finally, the set-up developed was compared to two traditional high energy processes, microfludizer and ultrasound in terms of droplet size and active preservation. No real difference between the three processes was seen on active preservation with the model active chosen. However, regarding droplet size, PME produced monodispersed droplets of 335 nm compared to the other processes which produced nanoemulsions of around 150 nm but with the presence of micron size droplets detected by laser diffraction and optical microscopy. Therefore, PME nanoemulsions are also suitable for parenterals applications with no additional filtration step required
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Océane Alliod. Development and valorization of a membrane emulsification process for the production of nanoemulsions. Pharmaceutical sciences. Université de Lyon, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE1264⟩. ⟨tel-02064194⟩

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