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Sauveterrian hunter-gatherers in Northern Italy and Southern France : evolution and dynamics of lithic technical systems

Abstract : The Sauveterrian represents one of the main cultural aspects of the European Early Mesolithic. It was at first identified and described in southern France during the 1920ies. Following the discovery of similar lithic assemblages in north-eastern Italy (Adige Valley), during the 1970ies it was proposed that this culture had developed over a large territory whose central areas are represented by southern France and northern Italy. The presumed uniformity of this complex was based, in particular, on the presence in both regions of needle-like backed points (Sauveterre points) and triangular microliths. In the following years a first typological attempt to verify the actual homogeneity of the Early Mesolithic of this region arose some doubts regarding the appropriateness of this unification. Following this line of research the main aim of this work was, thus, to question and verify this association, by applying a broad technological approach to the study of the lithic assemblages belonging to 23 stratigraphic contexts from 12 French and Italian reference sites. More specifically these assemblages were investigated with the aim of reconstructing the entire reduction sequences, from the procurement of lithic raw materials to the use and discard of tools. Different analytical techniques were thus combined in order to understand and characterize the Sauveterrian assemblages from different and complementary viewpoints. Besides, the evaluation of the uniformity of the Sauveterrian complex in its central area with respect to the neighbouring cultural groups, allowed tentatively approaching the investigation of the very nature of western European Early Mesolithic.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 11, 2019 - 3:30:11 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02063939, version 1



Davide Visentin. Sauveterrian hunter-gatherers in Northern Italy and Southern France : evolution and dynamics of lithic technical systems. Archaeology and Prehistory. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II; Università degli studi (Ferrare, Italie), 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU20024⟩. ⟨tel-02063939⟩



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