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Hybrid modular models for the dynamic study of high-speed thin -rimmed/-webbed gears

Abstract : The research work presented in this manuscript was conducted in the Contact and Structural Mechanics Laboratory (LaMCoS) at INSA Lyon, in partnership with Safran Helicopter Engines (formerly-Turbomeca). In helicopters, the power from the turboshaft is transmitted to the rotor and the various accessories (pumps, starters etc…) via transmission gearboxes. In the context of high-speed, light-weight aeronautical applications, mechanical parts such as gears have to meet somehow contradictory design requirements in terms of reliability and mass reduction thus justifying precise dynamic simulations. The present work focuses on the definition of modular gear dynamic models, capable of integrating both the local phenomena associated with the instant contact conditions between the tooth flanks and the more global aspects related to shafts, bearings and particularly the contributions of light thin-rimmed /-webbed gear bodies. The proposed models rely on combinations of condensed sub-structures, lumped parameter and beam elements to simulate a pinion-gear pair, shafts, bearings and housing. Mesh elasticity is time-varying, possibly non-linear and is accounted for by Winkler foundations derived from a classic thin-slice model. The contact lines in the base plane are therefore discretised into elemental segments which are all attributed a mesh stiffness function and a normal deviation which are updated depending on the pinion and gear angular positions. The main originality in this PhD consists in inserting condensed finite elements models to simulate flexible gear bodies while keeping the simple and faster rigid-body approach for solid gears. To this end, a specific interface has been developed to connect the discretised tooth contact lines to the continuous finite element gear body models and avoid numerical spikes in the tooth load distributions for example. A number of comparisons with numerical and experimental results show that the proposed modelling is sound and can capture most of the quasi-static and dynamic behaviour of single stage reduction units with thin-webbed gears and/or pinions. The model is then applied to the analysis of academic and industrial gears with the objective of analysing the contributions of thin, flexible bodies. Results are presented which highlight the role of centrifugal effects and tooth shape modifications at high speeds. Finally, the possibility to further improve gear web design with regard to mass reduction is investigated and commented upon.
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Bérengère Guilbert. Hybrid modular models for the dynamic study of high-speed thin -rimmed/-webbed gears. Mechanics [physics.med-ph]. Université de Lyon, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSEI127⟩. ⟨tel-02063370⟩

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