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Contribution à l'étude phénoménologique de l'ébullition convective en mini-canal

Abstract : Liquid-gas and liquid-vapour two-phase flows are encountered in a large range of industrial applications. They are observed in multiple configurations, in terms of dimension and orientation and then have various characteristics. In the literature, it can be distinguished two limit cases of the two-phase flow linked to its confinement: micro and macro-scale. Nonetheless, characterisation of the micro-to-macro scale transition is still a main issue for the comprehension of two-phase flow. In addition, thermal behaviours of flow boiling are affected by the nucleation phenomenon, which is strongly influenced by the geometry of the application and the saturation conditions. The main objective of the thesis is to contribute to the comprehension of adiabatic and diabatic two-phase flows in mini-scale, where the general behaviours are not well definite. In the present study, the effects of confinement and orientation of two-phase flows on flow patterns, pressure drops and heat exchanges are studied and compared with observations and models of the literature. An 1.6 mm inner diameter inclinable test section was installed on the test bench of Charnay (2014), which enabled to study R-245fa flow boiling. This test section enables to visualize the flow directly in the evaporator and the simultaneous acquisition of the pressure drops and the outside wall temperature field. A sapphire tube, heated by a transparent ITO coating, is unemployed to insure the transparency. The temperature field is obtained by an IR image processing. Previously, tests were led on the section of Charnay (2014) in adiabatic conditions. The present test section was used for two series of tests, led in both adiabatic and diabatic conditions. It appeared a strong effect of confinement and orientation on the flow patterns and pressure drops. The effect of the orientation is likely the same that one observed in macro-scale. In addition, the orientation slightly affects heat exchanges in comparison with the uncertainties of the IR dispositive. Finally, it is observed an effect of orientation on dryout flow pattern. In this configuration, the temperature field evolution with time is synchronized with the dynamic evolution of the two-phase flow.
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Thibaut Layssac. Contribution à l'étude phénoménologique de l'ébullition convective en mini-canal. Autre. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSEI013⟩. ⟨tel-02063367⟩

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