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Modélisation basée sur données de tomographie aux rayons X de l'endommagement et de la conductivité thermique dans les matériaux cellulaires métalliques

Abstract : The properties of cellular materials depend on their architecture and casting defects. The architecture refers to shape and distribution of the solid phase. Defects correspond to the presence and distribution of cavities or intermetallic particles in the solid phase due to the fabrication procedure. Two types of materials produced by different fabricating routes are studied in this manuscript. On the one hand, two ERG foams with different cell sizes were chosen to study the effect of the presence of intermetallic particles on the plasticity and damage. Micro-tensile tests and nanoindentation experiment were also performed on the struts extracted from the foam to determine their micro elastoplastic behaviour. On the other hand, two structures with the same shape and repetitive pattern but different struts and nodes thicknesses were produced by selective laser melting manufacturing route to study the effect of porosity on plasticity and damage. This PhD-work aimed at developing a generic image-based finite element procedure to take into account the effect of the local porosity and the presence of intermetallic particles into the finite element simulations of the cellular materials. The initial state of the samples was pictured by performing high resolution "local" tomography and "stitching" methods. The 3D geometries were meshed and the local porosity and elastic-plastic properties of each element were directly informed according to high-resolution 3D images. The deformation and fracture procedures of the samples were pictured by performing in-situ/ex-situ experiments coupled with low-resolution tomography scanning. 3D image-based finite element models were developed for the simulation of the tension/compression tests. The microstructurally informed FE models better capture the mechanical behaviour of the cellular structures, especially for the prediction of the fracture. The study also aimed at determining the thermal conductivity of a highly porous ERG foam using image-based finite element calculations. The results were verified by comparing with the measured thermal conductivity from guarded hot plates experiments.
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Yasin Amani. Modélisation basée sur données de tomographie aux rayons X de l'endommagement et de la conductivité thermique dans les matériaux cellulaires métalliques. Matériaux. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSEI036⟩. ⟨tel-02063358⟩

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