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Theses

Development of electrostrictive P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE) terpolymer for inkjet printed electromechanical devices

Abstract : Electromechanical coupling effect has been paid the increasing attention due to ability to realize conversion between electric excitation and mechanical response and vice versa. Thanks to their flexibility, light weight, relatively low mechanical strength, ease of processability into large-area films, and ability to be molded into desirable geometric dimensions, polymers materials which possess an electromechanical coupling effect have been emerging recently. This thesis aims to systematically determine the electromechanical behavior of the P(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene) [P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE)] terpolymers via crystallization and additive technology approaches and intend to extend such terpolymers to the electromechanical force sensor devices application. The influence of the thermal processing on the electromechanical response and microstructure of the terpolymers were firstly investigated. Cantilever unimorph bending measurement found the tip displacement δ and transverse strain S_31 for each thermally treated terpolymer followed a quadratic correlation with the electric field. δ was maximized at a 39.3% crystal content, instead of S_31 peaking at lowest crystal content, showing an exponential decay against the crystal fraction increasing. The dynamics of crystallized terpolymers were additionally studied via broadband dielectric spectroscopy. Constrained segmental dynamics was observed in the terpolymer containing the highest crystal fraction for which a narrow relaxation time distribution was found. Moreover, the enhanced dielectric and electromechanical response of DEHP doped terpolymer were interpreted via morphology microstructure and molecular mobility analysis. Interfacial polarization shifted to the high frequency by one decade because of dopant DEHP. Finally, electromechanical devices based on ferroelectric P(VDF-TrFE) and electrostrictive P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE) towards the dynamic force sensor implementation were designed and fabricated via inkjet printing technology. The bias electric field for terpolymer sensor was much lower than the poling electric field for a copolymer sensor. And the piezoelectric properties equivalent to the corresponding copolymer sensor can be obtained for a bias as low as 7.5 V/μ
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  • HAL Id : tel-02063349, version 1

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Qing Liu. Development of electrostrictive P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE) terpolymer for inkjet printed electromechanical devices. Electronics. Université de Lyon, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016LYSEI126⟩. ⟨tel-02063349⟩

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