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Analyse et commande modulaires de réseaux de lois de bilan en dimension infinie

Abstract : Networks of balance laws are defined by the interconnection, via boundary conditions, of elementary modules individually characterized by the conservation of physical quantities. Industrial applications of such networks can be found in electric (HVDC networks), hydraulic and pneumatic (gas, water and oil distribution) transmission lines. The thesis is focused on modular analysis and boundary control of an elementary line represented by a system of balance laws in infinite dimension, where the dynamics of the line is taken into consideration by means of first order two by two coupled linear hyperbolic partial differential equations. This representation allows to rigorously model the transport phenomena and finite propagation speed, aspects usually neglected in transient regime. The developments of this work are analysis tools that test the stability, as well as boundary control for the stabilization around an equilibrium point. In the analysis section, we consider a system of balance laws with static boundary conditions and anti-diagonal in-domain couplings. We propose sufficient stability conditions, explicit in terms of the system coefficients, and numerical by constructing an algorithm. The method is based on reformulating the analysis problem as an analysis of a delay system in the frequency domain, obtained by applying a backstepping transform to the original system. In the stabilization work, couplings with dynamic boundary conditions, described by ordinary differential equations (ODE), at both boundaries of the PDEs are considered. We develop a backstepping (bounded and invertible) transform and a control law that at the same time, stabilizes the PDEs inside the domain and the ODE dynamics, and eliminates the couplings that are a potential source of instability. The effectiveness of the control law is illustrated by a numerical simulation.
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David Bou Saba. Analyse et commande modulaires de réseaux de lois de bilan en dimension infinie. Automatique / Robotique. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSEI084⟩. ⟨tel-02063262⟩

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