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Nouvelles approches pour la synthèse de systèmes polyazotés de type HEDM

Abstract : The research carried during this PhD aims to synthesis new compounds with polynitrogen-backbone suitable for spacecraft or military propulsion. Indeed, the actual spacecraft uses a technology which is reliable, but with some limitation with their energetic efficiency and to satisfy the REACH regulation. It is necessary, for the Europeans launcher to stay at the first position in public or private satellites launch world wild, to find new and more efficient propellant. So, this work was focused on the synthesis of “HEDM” (High Energetic Density Material) compounds, which possess much higher propulsive features than the actual propellants. This could lead to a breakthrough in spacecraft propulsion in the next 30 years.For this PhD work two compounds of interest were identified: the pentazolate anion, which is an all nitrogen aromatic compound with a formula of N5-, and the cyclopentazan, which is an original polynitrogen compound with a formula of N5H5. First, we focused our work on the synthesis of various arylpentazoles followed by oxidative or reductive ways which lead to the pentazolate anion. Secondly, we synthesised and the studied the stability of polynitrogen-based compound, triazanes and azimines. Those compounds were then used in trials of cycloadditions which will lead to the cyclopentazan. Finally, we studied various way of complexing our polynitrogen-compound with various metallic complexes
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Raphaël Silva Costa. Nouvelles approches pour la synthèse de systèmes polyazotés de type HEDM. Autre. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE1300⟩. ⟨tel-02061986⟩

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