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Elaboration and characterization of mechanical properties of ceramic composites with controlled architecture

Abstract : The goal of this thesis was to develop and characterize the microstructure and the mechanical properties of bioinspired ceramic composites. Nacre-like alumina fabricated by freeze-casting previously developed in Bouville thesis was chosen as a reference material. Simplifying and up-scaling material fabrication was intended. Architectural levels were added to the microstructure to further improve mechanical properties of the material. Sophisticated processing by freeze-casting was substituted by uniaxial pressing. Electron backscatter diffraction observations confirmed the good alignment of alumina platelets used to prepare the material. The field assisted sintering cycle was adapted to greater quantities of ceramic powder and organic additives. The second part of the project was dedicated to the modification of the interphase between alumina platelets. Various possibilities were explored: adding fine zirconia powder, depositing zirconia on the platelets by sol-gel reaction, or substituting the glassy phase by graphene. All obtained materials were characterized by four point bending on notched bars. The third part of this study was focused on the development of multilayered metal/ceramic composites, by simultaneous sintering of alumina and titanium. The titanium foil thickness and composition were varied. The composites were characterized by SEM, EBSD, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and synchrotron X-ray tomography. Detailed microstructural and chemical characterization was performed to understand mechanisms of titanium diffusion into ceramic matrix. Simplified material fabrication allows to prepare larger samples of nacre-like ceramics. However grain growth should be limited to maintain good mechanical properties. Modification of the interphase between alumina platelets did not improve mechanical properties of the materials as compared to the reference material. On the other hand, depositing nano-zirconia on platelets surface seems promising and should be further investigated. In case of alumina/titanium composites, a multiscale architecture composites were process in a rather simple way. However, avoiding metal foil cracking is crucial to improve mechanical properties.
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Malgorzata Marcinkowska. Elaboration and characterization of mechanical properties of ceramic composites with controlled architecture. Materials. Université de Lyon, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSEI021⟩. ⟨tel-02061358⟩

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