Etudes de FeSe et CePt2In7 sous conditions extrêmes

Abstract : Unconventional superconductivity was recently observed in the vicinity of a pressure-induced quantum critical point in CePt$_2$In$_7$ and FeSe. The former is a heavy fermion compound, while the latter is an iron-based superconductor. This PhD thesis aims at improving our understanding of the physics of these newly discovered strongly correlated electron systems. This is achieved by experimental investigation of the evolution of crystal and magnetic structures, as well as of the Fermi surfaces under extreme conditions of high magnetic fields, high pressure, and low temperatures.We have investigated the magnetic structure of CePt$_2$In$_7$ by neutron diffraction. We observed only one magnetic propagation vector $textbf{Q} = (0.5, 0.5, 0.5)$ below $T_N = 5.5$ K. The magnetic moment is estimated at $0.45~mu_B$ per cerium atom at 2 K.Our torque measurements on CePt$_2$In$_7$ in pulsed fields suggest that the Fermi surfaces remain unchanged up to 70 T. This is well above the field-induced quantum critical point, which is expected to occur at $55-60$ T according to previous studies. However, a clear metamagnetic-like anomaly is found at 47 T. The anomaly is almost temperature and field-angle independent. Furthermore, a sudden drop of the effective mass is observed at about the same field. We suggest that the last two observations are most naturally accounted for by a valence crossover, where the cerium valence changes by about 0.06, the order of magnitude expected in Ce-based compounds.In order to study the Fermi surfaces of CePt$_2$In$_7$ under pressure, we developed a tunnel diode oscillator combined with a Bridgman-type pressure cell. We have demonstrated that this set-up is suitable for measuring quantum oscillations both at high magnetic fields and under high pressure. However, the working conditions of the oscillator have to be improved in order to obtain a more reliable system.Finally, we performed an X-ray diffraction experiment on FeSe under hydrostatic pressure. At 20 K, we found a change of the bulk modulus along the $c$ axis at 1.9 GPa. At 50 K, the orthorhombic to tetragonal crystallographic phase transition occurs at 1 GPa. We found evidences that this is followed by the emergence of a monoclinic symmetry above 2 GPa, where an antiferromagnetic phase was previously reported.
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Matthias Raba. Etudes de FeSe et CePt2In7 sous conditions extrêmes. Supraconductivité [cond-mat.supr-con]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAY073⟩. ⟨tel-02060928v2⟩

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