Le « ballet russe » de Marius Petipa : un exemple d'hybridation culturelle

Abstract : The French choreographer Marius Petipa (1818-1910), who spent most of his life-long career at the service of the Imperial Theatres, is considered as the inventor of the academic Grand Ballet, or Russian Ballet. This constitute an interesting paradox, since he happens to be a foreign choreographer. This thesis proposes to look at Marius Petipa's work as a work on the frontier between the two different countries and cultures and to expose the oppositions and tensions that cross it. We’ll study it as an example of cultural hybridization and cultural transfer, a notion used to define every social reality issued from the contacts between two initially distinct and autonomous identities. The main hypothesis studied through this thesis is the analysis of the Slavic dimension of his artwork and of its imaginary in close proximity of a Russian reality. After covering the Russian cultural artistic context, the ballets of Petipa’s predecessors who address the Slavic and Russian topic are examined. We analyse The Prisoner of Caucasus, or the Bride’s shadow (1823) and Ruslan and Ludmila, or Chernomor, the evil magician (1824) by the French choreograph Charles-Louis Didelot. The ballet created by Arthur Saint-Léon, The Little Humpbacked Horse (1864), inspired with Piotr Erchov’s tale, was met with success. This choreograph draws also his inspiration from the Alexander Pushkin’s tale to compose The Golden Fish (1867). Finally, we explore little known ballets with a Slavic theme of Petipa’s universe: Roxana, the Beauty of Montenegro (Saint-Petersburg, 1878) and Mlada (Saint-Petersburg, 1879). These creations coincided with a period of social tensions and the emergence of national ideas in Russia in the 19th centaury. They also confirm the ballet's desire to adapt, to the trends of the day, reproduced however in a conventional way. This Slavic theme in the work of French choreographs in Russia contribute to the construction of the notion of «Russian ballet» the will arrive in its apogee in the 20th centaury in Paris.
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Tatiana Nikitina. Le « ballet russe » de Marius Petipa : un exemple d'hybridation culturelle. Musique, musicologie et arts de la scène. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018BOR30060⟩. ⟨tel-02059608⟩

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