Impact of intergenerational contacts on the performance of the elderly under stereotype threat : a comparative study of France and Indonesia

Abstract : The present studies examined whether contacts with young people reduce the negative effects of stereotype threat (i.e., fear of confirming the negative stereotypes of one's own group) on the performance of the elderly in France and in Indonesia. The extent to which this is mediated by anxiety (performance anxiety and/or intergroup anxiety) and empathy (i.e., cognitive empathy, also called perspective taking, and/or affective empathy) as a function of cultural groups was also examined. Samples of elderly people in France and in Indonesia completed a task that was framed as a memory test (high-threat situation, given the stereotype of the elderly as forgetful in both countries) or a cognitive exercise (low-threat situation). Results showed that, in both countries, threat decreased the performance of the elderly, but only among those who had little positive contacts with young people outside the family. Among those who had more positive contacts, threat did not lower their performance. Contacts with you people within the family, such as grandchildren, also had similar buffering function among our French participants, but not among Indonesian participants. Results also revealed anxiety, but not empathy, as the mediating factor of the link between threat, contacts, and performance. Revealing the importance of culture, it was performance anxiety for the French vs. intergroup anxiety for the Indonesian elderly that mediated the effects of threat on performance. The discussion focuses on the differences in the nature of intergenerational contacts and in the self-perception of the elderly in the two countries.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [222 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02059241
Contributor : Abes Star <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 6, 2019 - 2:34:08 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 15, 2019 - 4:10:49 AM
Long-term archiving on : Friday, June 7, 2019 - 8:31:18 PM

File

va_Febriani_Arum.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-02059241, version 1

Collections

Citation

Arum Febriani. Impact of intergenerational contacts on the performance of the elderly under stereotype threat : a comparative study of France and Indonesia. Psychology. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016USPCB248⟩. ⟨tel-02059241⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

60

Files downloads

92