De la médecine de guerre à la médecine en guerre : administration des blessés et malades de guerre et métamorphoses du champ médical en 14-18

Abstract : What were the consequences of World War I on the medical field and how did its social agents and institutions navigate this critical moment? This PhD intends to explore the encounter between an exceptional moment – the years 1914-1918 – and a social space – that of medicine. The thesis also aims to show how the particular way the medical field went into war made a reform of the care system possible for wounded and sick soldiers by suspending the ordinary logic of its social functioning. This inquiry sheds light on the role of mobilized civilians, specifically health professionals – young university hospital professors, hospital physicians, laboratory researchers – whose descent into war was an unhappy experience of idleness and maladjustment. As a part of these medical elites were treated as subalterns in a medical community where the bureaucratic logic came first, from the autumn of 1914 onwards they mobilised their political networks and called for a “global reform” of the sanitary organization. This reform aimed to reorder wartime medicine by putting everyone back where they belonged according to their skills and by restoring the norms and hierarchies of the medical field. As exemplified by the creation of an under-secretary for the health service supervised by Justin Godart, this group of reformers’ access to power in July 1915 was due less to the “awareness” of the objective situation of the wounded and sick soldiers or to the mobilisation of the first war wounded associations, than to this new involvement of university hospital elite from January 1915 onwards.
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Sylvain Bertschy. De la médecine de guerre à la médecine en guerre : administration des blessés et malades de guerre et métamorphoses du champ médical en 14-18. Histoire. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018MON30038⟩. ⟨tel-02058660⟩

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