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L'enseignement du Vietnam pendant la période coloniale, 1862-1945 : la formation des intellectuels vietnamiens

Abstract : Purpose of this research is the role of education system in Vietnam during colonial period from 1862 to 1945 on training Vietnamese intellectuals. Indeed, in the vicissitudes of the colonial period of 1862-1945, the Vietnamese society had great changes. Vietnam education had changes which never occurred before. After becoming French’s colony (1862-1864), traditional system’s examinations selecting mandarins in Cochinchina had been abolished. And in the Northern and Central Highlands, after the course of 1906 – 1917 reforms, the traditional education system was abolished in 1919. Initially, education in French aimed at training interpreter. But only a small part of the Vietnamese population sent their children into the school of French. It was not until after the socialist movement in the early twentieth century that scholars (or those organized by scholars) encouraged and directed at Western education, people had changed their attitude towards education in French.With the adoption of the General Education Act of 1917, the French language education system became the formal and sole educational system.In the period of 1862-1945, people saw the gradual disappearance of the Confucian scholar and the emergence of new intellectuals. Most of the intellectuals in this period had studied in French schools in Indochina. Although the number of schools was few, we noted that its quality was good.Schools in the French language in Vietnam from 1862 to 1945, especially schools after primary (secondary) and college, university were important facilities to disseminate knowledge, culture and science. High school (secondary and high school or secondary school, high school) was the study place where most Vietnamese intellectuals were trained before 1945. The Indochina Institute of Medicine and Pharmacy, College of Science had trained the famous researchers. Also, there were famous professors of Vietnam who had been trained by The Indochina College of Pedagogics. Hanoi College of Law had trained intelligentsia. The Indochina Art College was the birthplace of modern generation of artists (painters, sculptors) of Vietnam.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 4, 2019 - 4:27:07 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02056541, version 1


Phan Le Xuan. L'enseignement du Vietnam pendant la période coloniale, 1862-1945 : la formation des intellectuels vietnamiens. Education. Université de Lyon, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LYSE2108⟩. ⟨tel-02056541⟩



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