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Power quality in DC supplied grids : application to lighting networks

Abstract : This dissertation thesis is concerned with temporal fluctuations of the luminous flux of LED lamps, a phenomenon referred to as flicker. Flicker is usually regarded as a disturbance due to its negative impact on human health. For lighting systems based on light emitting diodes (LED), its definition has recently been formalised in norm IEEE 1789-2015 and has been documented on devices supplied with AC voltage. AC flicker results from interactions between network impedance, voltage and current harmonics, and the AC to DC converter. DC supplies are generally obtained by switching converters. Consequently, the same perturbing factors are present on DC networks. The thesis summarises the differences between the characteristic properties of flicker under AC and DC supplies. It has been shown in the literature and also in this thesis that the key factor affecting flicker with LEDs is the design of the LED driver-a necessary part of the LED lighting systems. This thesis describes a methodology for the evaluation of the flicker sensitivity of DC supplied LED lamps and analyses how the sensitivity changes when the LED drivers are simplified and accustomed to DC supply. The thesis presents a set of measurement experiments aimed to determine the typical flicker response of LED lamps both under AC and DC supply. Further experiments were performed to reveal the impact of accustomising the driver to the DC supply (removing the diode rectifier). It was found that some lamps show better flicker immunity while other lamps show worse flicker immunity. These experiments are accompanied by LED driver simulations aiming to reproduce and explain the measurement results. The thesis further describes a measurement experiment aimed to show the typical severity of the voltage fluctuation in a low voltage DC network coupled to AC mains and its impact on the flicker. It is concluded that such a system is robust enough to filter out any perturbations coming from the AC supply, but an undesired interaction between the lamp and the supply may occur.
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Leos Kukacka. Power quality in DC supplied grids : application to lighting networks. Optics / Photonic. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III; Technical University of Liberec, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018TOU30011⟩. ⟨tel-02056443⟩

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