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Functional non-parametric estimation near the edge

Abstract : The aim of this thesis is to construct nonparametric estimators of distribution, density and regression functions using stochastic approximation methods in order to correct the edge effect created by kernels estimators. In the first chapter, we givesome asymptotic properties of kernel estimators. Then, we introduce the Robbins-Monro stochastic algorithm which creates the recursive estimators. Finally, we recall the methods used by Vitale, Leblanc and Kakizawa to define estimators of distribution and density functions based on Bernstein polynomials. In the second chapter, we introduced a recursive estimator of a distribution function based on Vitale’s approach. We studied the properties of this estimator : bias, variance, mean integratedsquared error (MISE) and we established a weak pointwise convergence. We compared the performance of our estimator with that of Vitale and we showed that, with the right choice of the stepsize and its corresponding order, our estimator dominatesin terms of MISE. These theoretical results were confirmed using simulations. We used the cross-validation method to search the optimal order. Finally, we applied our estimator to interpret real dataset. In the third chapter, we introduced a recursive estimator of a density function using Bernstein polynomials. We established the characteristics of this estimator and we compared them with those of the estimators of Vitale, Leblanc and Kakizawa. To highlight our proposed estimator, we used real dataset. In the fourth chapter, we introduced a recursive and non-recursive estimator of a regression function using Bernstein polynomials. We studied the characteristics of this estimator. Then, we compared our proposed estimator with the classical kernel estimator using real dataset.
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Asma Jemai. Functional non-parametric estimation near the edge. Probability [math.PR]. Université de Poitiers; Université de Carthage (Tunisie), 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018POIT2257⟩. ⟨tel-02056042⟩

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