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Rôle des miARN et des ARE-BP dans la mucoviscidose

Abstract : Cystic fibrosis (CF), the most common life-shortening genetic disorder in Caucasians, affects many organs but chronic lung disease is the main cause of morbidity and mortality. This disease, characterized by CFTR gene alterations, results in ions transport dysfunctions that contribute to impair mucociliary clearance, favoring bacterial colonization and inflammation, and ultimately leading to lung destruction. Nowadays, therapeutic drugs have limited benefit, so development of new alternatives or complementary molecules remains essential. Recently, our team demonstrated that the intervention on CFTR mRNA stability leads to an increase in CFTR protein level and an improvement of the CFTR channel activity. An alternative way would be to target key actors such as miRNA and ARE-BP (RNA binding protein), deregulated in CF tissues, that display a pleiotropic activity and act together to control expression of several genes.Our findings led to the identification of dysregulated miRNA in CF samples and revealed multiple isoforms relative to miRNA of reference (i.e. isomiRs). We focused on two miRNA, miR-101, that displays a modification in isomiR distribution and miR-181a-5p that is highly deregulated, in three CF airways models. These miRNA modulate expression of key genes or related genes in PI3K-Akt/MAPK-Erk and Wnt signaling pathways.Our work also revealed the deregulation of an ARE-BP protein, TTP (Tristetraprolin, ZFP36), in CF context. This protein is a master regulator in inflammatory resolution. We next investigated the mechanism whereby this ARE-BP is regulated in bronchial cells and showed that TTP phosphorylation is regulated by MK2 through ERK activation. We also determined for the first time that TTP binds to the 3’UTR of CFTR mRNA where TTP binding stabilizes CFTR mRNA level.These data bring new insights into CF physiopathology and open new research opportunities in CF.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 1, 2019 - 12:06:08 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 8, 2020 - 4:13:42 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02053401, version 1



Alexandra Pommier. Rôle des miARN et des ARE-BP dans la mucoviscidose. Sciences agricoles. Université Montpellier, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018MONTT086⟩. ⟨tel-02053401⟩



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