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Collage d'hydrogels par des nanoparticules de silice

Abstract : It is very challenging to achieve strong adhesion between two soft and wet materials like hydrogels. Recently Leibler and his collaborators invented a new concept to assemble hydrogels or biological tissues using nanoparticles. The principle relies on the adsorption of gel chains at the surface of nanoparticles, which act as connectors, and on the ability of the adsorbed gel chains to reorganize under stress. The main objective of this work is to identify and control the physical mechanisms fundamental to gel adhesion by silica nanoparticles. Many questions are investigated: the nature of the nanoparticles (size, surface chemistry, concentration, state of dispersion), the gel structure and its state of swelling, the distribution of the nanoparticles at the gel surface. Experiments are conducted using several types of gels: Poly(N,N dimethylacrylamide) (PDMA), Poly(acrylamide) (PAAm), nanocomposite gels (PDMA reinforces with silica nanoparticles), or double-network (DN) gels. We quantify the adhesive properties using lap-shear experiments, peeling tests at 90°, and Y-peeling tests that we developed. We use ATR-FTIR experiments, confocal microscopy and scanning electron microscopy to demonstrate the adsorption of polymers onto the silica nanoparticles and characterize their spatial repartition. The results allow us to propose a mechanism explaining the adhesion and to define conditions for optimal adhesion.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02053063, version 1

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Marie Gracia. Collage d'hydrogels par des nanoparticules de silice. Chimie-Physique [physics.chem-ph]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PA066013⟩. ⟨tel-02053063⟩

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