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La déforestation évitée. Socio-anthropologie d'un nouvel « or vert ». Entre lutte contre le changement climatique et aide au développement, du laboratoire guyanais à l'expertise forestière au Cameroun.

Abstract : Redd+ scheme is based on the idea to reduce deforestation through financial compensation originating from the carbon markets. It has entailed numerous readiness initiatives, renewing the international forest agenda. This thesis combines social studies of sciences and anthropology of development to address the dynamics that underpin this diplomatic success. A genealogical approach to the structuration of forest as a global problem describes the political and technical roots of the current institutional landscape and of the framing that the Redd+ scheme promotes. A multisite study then analyses present-day stakes in relation with transnational networks of expertise and metrologies, material devices, administrative standards, social technologies and discursive registers they rely on. Forest carbon quantifying practices in French Guiana are investigated to highlight the complex material, social and political links existing between the scientific research and international cooperation issues. Cameroon’s intricate process to access World Bank funding emphasizes the discrepancy between the rhetoric of innovation promoting Redd+ and the constraints and incentives that make diverse actors engage with this scheme. Eventually, we show how knowledge practices are embedded in political issues pertaining to development, while also depoliticising those issues. More than an innovative tool to fight deforestation and climate change, Redd+ can be seen as a promise, the success of which relies on its capacity to renew the global development apparatus, while entrenching the green economy as the main political project to reconcile development and environment.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02051648
Contributor : Aurore Viard-Crétat <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 27, 2019 - 10:21:26 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 5, 2020 - 3:17:55 AM

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Aurore Viard-Crétat. La déforestation évitée. Socio-anthropologie d'un nouvel « or vert ». Entre lutte contre le changement climatique et aide au développement, du laboratoire guyanais à l'expertise forestière au Cameroun.. Histoire, Philosophie et Sociologie des sciences. EHESS-Paris, 2015. Français. ⟨tel-02051648⟩

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