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Analyse des corrélations spatiales des quasars et implications cosmologiques avec le multi-spectrographe SDSS-IV eBOSS

Abstract : The ΛCDM model of cosmology assumes the existence of an exotic component, called dark energy, to explain the late-time acceleration of the expansion of the universe at redshift z < 0.7. Alternative scenarios to this cosmological constant suggest to modify the theory of gravitation based on general relativity at cosmological scales. Since fall 2014, the SDSS-IV eBOSS multi-object spectrograph has undertaken a survey of quasars in the almost unexplored redshift range 0.8 ≤ z ≤ 2.2 with the key science goal to complement the constraints on dark energy and extend the test of general relativity at higher redshifts by using quasars as direct tracers of the matter field.In this thesis work, we measure and analyse the two-point correlation function of the two-year data taking of eBOSS quasar sample to constrain the cosmic distances, i.e. the angular diameter distance DA and the expansion rate H, and the growth rate of structure fσ8 at an effective redshift Zeff = 1.52. First, we build large-scale structure catalogues that account for the angular and radial incompleteness of the survey. Then to obtain robust results, we investigate several potential systematics, in particular modeling and observational systematics are studied using dedicated mock catalogs which are fictional realizations of the data sample. These mocks are created with known cosmological parameters such that they are used as a benchmark to test the analysis pipeline. The results on the evolution of distances are consistent with the predictions for ΛCDM with Planck parameters assuming a cosmological constant. The measurement of the growth of structure is consistent with general relativity and hence extends its validity to higher redshift. We also provide updated constraints on extensions of ΛCDM and models of modified gravity. This study is a first use of eBOSS quasars as tracers of the matter field and will be included in the analysis of the final eBOSS sample at the end of 2019 with an expected improvement on the statistical precision of a factor 2. Together with BOSS, eBOSS will pave the way for future programs such as the ground-based Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI) and the space-based mission Euclid. Both programs will extensively probe the intermediate redshift range 1 < z < 2 with millions of spectra, improving the cosmological constraints by an order of magnitude with respect to current measurements.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 27, 2019 - 11:17:07 AM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 5:04:28 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02050526, version 1


Pauline Zarrouk. Analyse des corrélations spatiales des quasars et implications cosmologiques avec le multi-spectrographe SDSS-IV eBOSS. Cosmology and Extra-Galactic Astrophysics [astro-ph.CO]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS297⟩. ⟨tel-02050526⟩



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