Figures de migrants brésiliens en France : approche anthropologique et sociolinguistique

Abstract : One of the many effects of globalisation is the increase of migratory movements. Various reasons are calling some people to leave their homeland to go and live abroad, in a host country. And understand the migratory move is not only to get a hold of the theoretical input of this subject, but, in an empirical way, to confront them to the reality of life. Any life story follows a subjective, heterogeneous and repetitive narrative layout. Tell the story of your life is to put one’s memory in words and give a new meaning to the past by a retrospective view and this, through speaking. This thesis in Language Sciences will focus on the life stories of Brazilian migrants living in France. Their migratory process will start in a subjective perspective, either affective or economical, and will shape through the chosen type of migration : affective, student or professional. Based on discourse analysis theories and a Lacan definition of the subject, we have attempted to figure out how the relation to the foreign language-culture reveals the subjectivity of the migrant subject and how the migratory process conditions the feeling of being in-between two languages-cultures.The interviews are analyzed in an anthropologic and sociolinguistic point of view to contribute to the research field of the language-culture integration process for the migrant subject. We then observe both hosting conditions and the French learning context. An analysis of the interviews highlights a migrant subject always trying to justify his/her choices and will to depart, by the events of his/her own story. The speaker then chooses words setting himself/herself subjectively through the telling of his/her background, the relation to the other, to the family, to school, to work. Share between two places, two languages, seeking reference points, he feels like a stranger to himself. To migrate is to rift, to find oneself (back) in the eyes of the other ; in an eternal search of each one’s subjectivity.
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Gabriela Rodrigues Moreira. Figures de migrants brésiliens en France : approche anthropologique et sociolinguistique. Linguistique. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018MON30034⟩. ⟨tel-02050459⟩

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