Application of cold plasma in oncology, multidisciplinary experiments, physical, chemical and biological modeling

Abstract : Plasma-medicine is the field of research describing the medical applications of plasmas, mainly at atmospheric pressure. Cold plasmas are a state of matter characterized by the presence of free electrons with a kinetic energy of several electron volts even though the ions and neutrals may be at room temperature. This transient state, apart from thermal equilibrium, produces highly reactive chemical species. The objective of this multidisciplinary work was to evaluate the anti-tumor potential of cold plasmas. Two types of devices have been designed and manufactured by 3D-printing: Dielectric Barrier Discharge and plasma-jets. In-vitro and in-vivo studies were conducted with TC1 and CT26 cell lines. The production of reactive species produced in a liquid exposed to plasma has been studied in order to understand the in-vitro results and to compare the plasma devices with those of other teams. Various plasma devices have been made to study the effect of the energy deposited during the in-vivo treatment of skin and subcutaneous tumors. A device cooled with liquid nitrogen has been developed to limit skin damage induced by heating. Finally, a numerical simulation modeling the heat transfers of tumors and tissues under plasmas exposure enables to quantify the hyperthermia and the associated lesions by validating the model on experimental results. A critical review of in-vivo plasma-medicine studies published in the literature is proposed to evaluate the role of hyperthermia in the therapeutic effects reported.
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Bruno Honnorat. Application of cold plasma in oncology, multidisciplinary experiments, physical, chemical and biological modeling. Plasma Physics [physics.plasm-ph]. Sorbonne Université, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SORUS014⟩. ⟨tel-02049392⟩

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